Recently, in vivo fluorescence imaging using indocyanine green (ICG) has actively been applied to open and then laparoscopic HPB surgery, for intraoperative visualization of biological structures and assessment of blood perfusion. This webinar will discuss the methods and results.

Intraoperative fluorescence imaging will develop into an essential navigation tool enabling surgeons to identify the extent of cancer spread, anatomical variations, and a risk of postoperative complications in each individual case, enhancing accuracy and safety of HPB surgery.